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工业传感器

概述
文件
工具与软件
解决方案
工业传感器是工厂自动化和工业4.0的关键组成部分。运动、环境和振动传感器用于监测设备的健康状况,包括线性或角度定位、倾斜感知、校平、冲击或跌落检测。 基于采用微机电系统技术的传感(MEMS)元件的专用工业运动传感器适用于工业4.0应用,具有机械频率传感带宽宽、可靠性高、测量稳定、工作温度可达105℃等特点。工业传感器是工厂自动化和工业4.0的关键组成部分 工业传感器系统通常采用24V直流电源供电,这与消费产品系统中由3V或5V电源供电的传感器有很大区别。因此,为了高效地驱动传感器,工业传感器系统需要额外的电源管理。它们使用数字输出(比如IO-Link)直接连接到微控制器或无线收发器。模拟数据输出通常由运算放大器调节,并连接到微控制器中的模数转换器(ADC)。

Discover our offer

ST offers a range of MEMS motion and environmental sensors, 8-bit STM8 and 32-bit STM32 microcontrollers and an extensive range of connectivity – wired or wireless including IO-Link - solutions to help sensor system designers successfully meet these challenges. 

Sensors for industrial automation 

There are several types of industrial sensors, including: 

Temperature sensors 

Temperature sensors can vary from positive to negative coefficient type devices as well as RTD (Resistance Temperature Detector). 

Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) thermistors are resistors with a positive temperature coefficient so that the resistance increases with temperature. These are often built with silicon to give a linear characteristic. In contrast, switching type PCT thermistors have a non-linear temperature measurement curve. As the thermistor heats up, the resistance decreases until a critical temperature is reached, after which it increases. 

These are used in the windings of the electric motors in industrial equipment along with a monitoring relay to provide overtemperature protection to prevent insulation damage. The non-linear response curve has the resistance increase dramatically at the maximum allowable winding temperature, triggering the relay to prevent overheating. This can then be linked to the wireless sensor network. 

Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC) thermistors, where the resistance decreases with temperature, have precision accuracies over wide temperature ranges of +/- 0.1°C or +/- 0.2°C from 0°C to 70°C with excellent long term stability. 

These are often used in thermistor probe assemblies across the IIoT and smart factories for fault diagnosis. The thermistor sensing element can be used to monitor all kinds of systems, linked to the wireless sensor system back to the cloud. 

Analog and digital temperature sensor ICs 

Proximity sensors 

Inductive proximity sensors can detect metal close by, allowing human machine interfaces (HMI) to be safer. There are 2 and 3 wire DC versions as well as sensors with a separate amplifier for high-speed operation. 

Laser ranging (lidar) sensors can be used in a 1D topology for object detection, on a conveyor line as an infrared motion sensor for example. 2D lidar sensors can be used as a position sensor to identify the positioning of parts in the production line. 

Proximity and ranging ToF sensors 

Vibration sensors 

Vibration sensors can use MEMS accelerometer elements or piezoelectric crystals to measure the frequency of vibration, tuned to the harmonics of the system being monitored. Vibration sensors provide vital data collection for fault diagnosis, while accelerometers can be used as motion sensors to provide tilt, fall and shock measurements. Accelerometers Gyroscopes Inertial Measurement Units (IMU) e-Compasses 

Other sensors: pressure, pH, flow, humidity, ultrasonic, PIR, photoelectric sensors

Other sensors used in automation include pressure sensors, pH sensors for measuring the acidity of a liquid, as well as flow sensors, humidity sensors and ultrasonic sensors for monitoring actuators. PIR sensors, photoelectric sensors and rotary encoders can be used as limit switches for threshold measurements in industrial automation systems

All these IoT sensors are linked though industrial sensor networks, either wired or wireless, back to a gateway and then back to the Internet of Things to provide real time analysis and conditional monitoring. ST's featured industrial sensors.

Industrial wireless sensors and networks

Industrial wireless sensor networks use a wide range of protocols, from short range Bluetooth and Zigbee to Wi-Fi

For long range, Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks (IWSN), the low power sub-GHz LORA wireless communication can be used. 

Cellular modems are a higher cost option for wireless sensor networks, but offer telecommunication network reliability. This can be significant with the higher data rates delivered by machine vision systems. The video can be sent back to the cloud for analysis as part of the IoT. 

Energy consumption is a key consideration for industrial sensor networks, as thousands of sensor nodes and their wireless transceivers can consume significant amounts of power. Some wireless routing protocols inherently consume less energy, mostly through lower duty cycles. Sometimes higher power is needed in heavy duty applications to overcome interference to ensure reliable data acquisition and network reliability.

Complete solution

Sensors are provided with C-drivers, sensor fusion middleware and SW source code examples for many industrial applications, from high-speed data logging to state-of-art Machine Learning in sensor cores, as well as Artificial Intelligence expansion software in the STM32CubeMX environment.

Industrial development tools and connectivity

Industrial development tools and connectivity

The STWIN Wireless Industrial Node development kit includes a selection of the latest ST industrial sensors in conjunction with ARM Cortex-M4 MCU and wireless Bluetooth Low Energy module, as well as support for WiFi, LoRa and NB-IoT connectivity and wired USB and RS-485 interfaces. A further solution featuring IO-Link connectivity kit is also available. These are supported with various SW code examples to help designers get started with their own projects. You will find a great deal of information regarding the various wired and wireless industrial connectivity options in our Industrial connectivity section.

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Picture Solution
IO-Link for Industrial Sensors
SL-PN-IOD01A1
批量生产
IO-Link for Industrial Sensors
SL-PN-IOD01A1
批量生产