Near Field Communication (NFC) was born as a specialized subset of the 13.56MHz RFID technology in 2002. Initially used for access control and public transport payment cards, the integration into credit / debit cards and smartphones is driving rapid growth not only for payment, but also as an always-on radio link for simple pairing, diagnostic readout, parameter programming and much more.
Being one of the pioneers of RFID and NFC technology, ST offers a comprehensive range of HF RFID/NFC products, covering all NFC application needs, supported by a rich ecosystem. The devices include NFC / RFID tags, Dynamic NFC tags, NFC / RFID readers & NFC controllers, including secure element for secure NFC applications and turnkey solutions.
ST is proud to be a Sponsor Member of the NFC forum.
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About NFC technology
NFC, or Near-Field Communication, is a technology used to provide short-range wireless connectivity for 2-way interaction between electronic devices.
NFC is a flavor of RFID (Radio-Frequency IDentification), with additional and specific sets of standards ensuring interoperability of NFC-enabled equipment. NFC standards determine, among other things, the operating environment, the data formats, the transfer rates and the modulation.
NFC uses inductive coupling between NFC devices, and operates with electromagnetic field at 13.56 MHz, a license-free allocation in the HF portion of the radio spectrum. An NFC device can draw power from the field generated by another NFC device, thus making it exempt of power supply, and to take the form of tiny objects such as tags, stickers, key remote controls or cards.
Because the transmission range is short, NFC-enabled transactions are inherently more secure than transactions based on other wireless technologies. With little energy required to cover the interaction zone with the RF electromagnetic field, the NFC devices operate at very low power, making them ideal for battery-powered devices such as smartphones.
About NFC Forum
NFC is promoted and maintained by the NFC Forum, a non-profit industry association created with the goal to advance the use of NFC technology in consumer electronics, mobile devices and PCs. The NFC Forum promotes implementation and standardization of the NFC technology to ensure interoperability between devices and services.